IJCNMH ARCpublishing

Issue: Issue 1 (2014)

Review Article

Anxiety disorders in adolescents following first cannabis consumption: case reports and review

Filipa Sá-Carneiro, Otília Queirós, and João Guerra
Background: The present article aims to illustrate the overlap between anxiety disorders and a first cannabis use in adolescents. Although investigation in teenagers, comparatively to adults is sparse, the limited existent evidence showed a link between anxiety disorders and cannabis substance use.

Methods: The authors present 3 case reports illustrating this association in adolescents, followed by a systematic review targeting panic episodes triggered by cannabis use.

Results and Conclusion: Six studies examined the association between cannabis use and panic attacks. Current findings collectively suggest that cannabis use may be a risk factor for panic psychopathology in predisposed adolescents. The anxious symptoms in these cases lead to several attendances to the Emergency Department, commitment of the school attendance, and abandonment of physical activity, which is highly disabling for teens and their relatives.

Keywords: Panic Disorder, Adolescent, Substance Related Disorders, Systematic review, Cannabinoids, Marijuana abuse.

International Journal of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health 2014; 1:14

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