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Issue: Issue 1 (2014)


Review Article

Why should we screen for perinatal depression? Ten reasons to do it

Author(s):
Ana Telma Pereira, Maria João Soares, Sandra Bos, Mariana Marques, Berta Maia, José Valente, Vasco Nogueira, Carolina Roque, Nuno Madeira, Maria Helena Pinto de Azevedo, and António Macedo
Abstract:
In this paper we review some of the best available evidence to argue that screening for perinatal depression should be systematically conducted since pregnancy. Our view is organized in ten topics: (1) perinatal depression high prevalence; (2) its potential negative consequences, including maternal, conjugal, foetal, infantile, and child effects; (3) its under-detection and treatment; (4) its stigma; (5) the professionals and women misconceptions related to perinatal depression; (6) the availability of valid and short self-report screening instruments for perinatal depression and (7) their acceptability; (8) the increase in recognition, diagnosis, and treatment rates in comparison with routine practice; (9) the opportunity, given the large number of contacts that women have with health professionals in the perinatal period; and (10) perinatal depression screening potential cost-effectiveness.

Keywords: Screening, Perinatal depression, Pregnancy, Postpartum, Ten reasons.

International Journal of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health 2014; 1:10

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