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Issue: Issue 5 – 2018


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From gender binarism to gender... binarism: gender identity and new expressions of gender stereotypes

Author(s):
Orlando von Doellinger
Abstract:
The concept of gender, established in the mid-20th century, is still often confused with the notion of sex. Despite great developments and profound deepening in gender studies, gender identity and sexual orientation, two distinct notions, are also confused and frequently taken as synonymous or as presenting a unequivocal relationship. The problem lies, in our opinion, in masculinity and femininity stereotypes and, above all, in the maintenance of a gender binarism perspective. If (biological) sex is not dichotomous (there are male sex and female sex, but there are also different forms of intersex), gender and gender identities, are individual and even more complex constructions to which countless factors (biological, social, developmental, and relational, among others) contribute. In this viewpoint we try to restate the perspective that each human being will always present a composite of specific and individualized complex combination of masculine and feminine traits, and that even some more recent “classifications” that try to overcome stereotyped binarism end up repeating and reinforcing them, promoting the pathologization of gender identities that are not in line with social stereotypes.

Keywords: Sex, Gender, Gender stereotypes, Gender identity, Gender bynarism.

International Journal of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health 2018; 5:7
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21035/ijcnmh.2018.5.7
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