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Issue 4 (2017)

This is the fourth issue of the International Journal of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health. The journal aims to provide high-quality publications in the areas of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Medical Psychology. This publication is intended to provide a forum for experts from all around the world to share their knowledge, expertise, and research efforts. The journal operates under an Open Access model, and therefore everyone is invited to join this initiative.

Issue Nr:


|    Issue date: 2017-04-22


Adaptive leadership in the promotion of youth mental health - read full article

By: Marta Gonçalves

The aim of this paper is to discuss if adaptive leadership in the promotion of youth mental health can be one driver of cultural change not only among mental health workers and patients, but also in the society as a whole, including different sectors such as health, social service, justice, and education. I present a qualitative approach both to categorise leadership practice in Europe in traditional and adaptive styles and to understand if adaptive leadership is more effective than traditional leadership in the promotion of child and youth mental health. The attempt to increase social inclusion of people with mental health problems has posed a posed significant challenges in Europe, particularly in giving priority to services for children, adolescents, and older people. Stigma appears to continue to be a significant barrier to the effective promotion of mental health. In many European countries, there is lack of political will to implement evidence-based, sustainable policies and programs concerning mental health issues. The potential practical implications for the adaptive leadership approach are significant, considering the increasing mental health issues in Europe and worldwide.

Keywords: Mental health promotion, Stigma, Youth, Adaptive leadership.

International Journal of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health 2017; 4:1
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21035/ijcnmh.2017.4.1

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Review Article

Biomarkers and schizophrenia: a qualitative review - read full article

By: Joana Ribeiro da Silva and Sara Azevedo Pinto

Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a psychiatric disorder with a broad spectrum of biological and clinical manifestations of yet not completely clear pathophysiological mechanisms. Several lines of evidence have been supporting the idea that immunoinflammatory, oxidative, hormonal and cellular dysfunctions are implicated on the biomolecular basis of SCZ. However, accurate diagnosis and selection of appropriate treatments remains challenging as a result of the scarcity of objective tests. Furthermore, there is a compelling need to find biomarkers that could predict drug response and tailor pharmacological treatment, particularly in drug-naïve first episode psychosis (FEP). Hence, numerous technologies have been employed in order to search for SCZ biological markers, but evidence relating them to treatment efficacy is lacking. In this regard, some preliminary data suggest promising results. The current review provides information on: (1) potential biomarkers associated with biological disturbances and (2) biological markers associated with treatment response.

Keywords: Schizophrenia, Biomarkers, Treatment.

International Journal of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health 2017; 4:2
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21035/ijcnmh.2017.4.2

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The need for a dis-ease model for medicine: illness, sickness, disease, disorder and predicament - read full article

By: Simon R. Wilkinson

This paper presents an alternative to the standard medical model with its focus on disease. Medicine has moved to a high technology informed practice to the detriment of a more personalised and family anchored humane practice. This is a major complaint of patients and their carers. Through presenting a developmental perspective to the manner in which we learn to present and manage our discomforts, our primordial dis-ease takes centre-stage. This necessitates an understanding of the interrelationship of illness experience, sickness attributions, medical practice with the predicaments with which are challenged daily.

Keywords: Disease, Disorder, Diagnoses, Medical model, Illness, Sickness, Predicament.

International Journal of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health 2017; 4:3
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21035/ijcnmh.2017.4.3

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