IJCNMH ARCpublishing

Issue: Issue 3 (2016) – Supplement 2


Scales in stroke patients: the ABCD2 score, the TOAST classification and the Hunt and Hess scale

Diogo Fitas
arious stroke scales have been developed. They are useful to guide diagnostic accuracy, treatments, monitoring neurologic deficits and to predict outcomes. The ABCD2 and, most recently, the ABCD3 or ABCD3-I score, have been developed to predict the stroke risk after transient ischaemic attack. They may also assist in selecting out non-cerebrovascular diagnoses if the score is low. The Hunt and Hess scale describes the severity of subarachnoid haemorrhage based on the patient's clinical condition and is used as a predictor of outcome. The TOAST classification is a system for categorization of subtypes of ischaemic stroke mainly based on etiology. All these scales will be covered during the workshop.

Special Issue on Stroke. From the Porto University Center of Medicine Stroke Update Course, Porto, Portugal. 7–8 June 2016.

International Journal of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health 2016; 3(Suppl. 2):L17
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