IJCNMH ARCpublishing

Issue: Issue 2 (2015)

Original Article

Welcome (one) more child: perspectives from mothers of large and non-large families

Marta Gonçalves and Rosário Boavida
Background: In many countries around the world we are currently witnessing a large decrease in the fertility rate. This phenomenon brings several social sustaining problems. Large families (families with three or more children) seem therefore essential on contradicting this tendency. The aim of this study is to explore attitudes towards conception in large (LFM) and non-large families mothers (NLFM).

Methods: We used a quantitative approach (N=210 LFM; 170 NLFM) and we analyzed how the family type relates to variables such as satisfaction with life, religiosity, attitudes towards contraception, and attitudes towards abortion. These variables were accessed in each participant through an online survey.

Results: We found evidence supporting the hypothesis that LFM have higher levels of satisfaction with life and religiosity; they have more negative attitudes towards contraception and abortion. We have also tested the hypotheses of the relationship between family type and attitudes towards contraception and abortion being moderated by the strength of different types of religiosity, finding some supportive data, at least for the attitudes towards contraception.

Conclusion: Although we conclude that additional research on large families and reproductive behavior is needed, this study emphasizes some of the factors that differentiate the specific population that contributes to an increase the fertility rate.

Keywords: Large families, Satisfaction with life, Religiosity, Conception.

International Journal of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health 2015; 2:2

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