Global mental health – EFPT Porto Forum 2015
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By: Mariana Pinto da Costa, Cátia Moreira, Fernando Ochoa, João Caseiro, Joana Silva, Mariana Andrade, Sara Carneiro, Sarah Oliveira, Sérgio Saraiva, Tânia Abreu, Tiago Costa, and Vítor Pimenta
The European Federation of Psychiatric Trainees (EFPT) is the independent federation of psychiatric trainees associations of more than 30 countries, representing and supporting thousands of junior doctors training in psychiatry in Europe, and it has been the first international organization of trainees specialized in any branch of medicine. Since its inception in 1992, EFPT has grown playing a major role in the improvement of psychiatric training across Europe.
The 23rd EFPT Forum, taking place in 2015 in Porto, has “Global mental health” as motto, and is receiving for the first time participants from different regions of the world further than Europe, facilitating the opportunity to develop collaborative projects, nationally and internationally, and being an excellent occasion to exchange experiences and share good practices.
This Scientific Programme has been open to all junior doctors, medical students and mental health professionals beyond Portugal, interested in participating and contributing for this multidisciplinary discussion with colleagues from other specialties and other fields.
Global mental health is needful of the support and advocacy of all professionals aiming to address health inequalities, which is such an important goal nowadays of the health systems worldwide; while at the same time, promoting the positive image of psychiatry not only for medical students, but more broadly to the different players of the society.
We are delighted that so many world-renowned professionals have travelled from different regions of the world to Porto to contribute to this Scientific Programme of our EFPT Forum, which we are very proud of. Likewise, we are grateful to all the institutions and individual people that have by different means supported our efforts.
Collaboration implies equal partners to work together, envisioning common goals: to share knowledge, to learn and to build consensus; with a strong determination to reach an identical objective: the endeavour of hosting the EFPT Porto Forum 2015.
In fact, the Local Organising Committee of the EFPT Porto Forum 2015, is itself composed by a diverse group of elements, from different cities in Portugal: psychiatry trainees, both from adult psychiatry and child and adolescent psychiatry, trainees from other areas, as well as medical students, bringing a perspective of different backgrounds and stages of one’s career.
International collaboration and partnerships between people, seem to have contributed throughout time to what we now call modern globalization, referred as a global interconnected system with dominant factors: economical, political, technological, cultural and environmental.
According to its definition “Global mental health is the area of study, research and practice that places a priority on improving mental health and achieving equity in mental health for all people worldwide”1.
This Special Issue about the Scientific Programme of the EFPT Porto Forum 2015 at the International Journal of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health gathers the symposiums, courses and workshops presentations by invited speakers, with the contributions of the selected abstracts for the e-posters and oral presentations by participants.
We believe that this Special Issue translates the foremost developments in Global mental health during the latest years, covering central topics as: psychiatry and society; workforce and human resources; cooperation in psychiatry; providing health care; social breakthroughs; the profile of a psychiatrist; child and adolescent psychiatry; the psychiatric interview; psychotherapy; suicide prevention; complaints, litigation and malpractice, and statistical methods in psychiatric research.
We look forward that this Special Issue is useful to bring this dialogue live and to generate further discussions, reproducing the memory of an exciting and interesting encounter, involving hundreds of people across the world.
From the 23rd EFPT Forum, Porto, Portugal. 22–27 June 2015.
International Journal of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health 2015; 2(Suppl. 1):1
Educating healthcare professionals about stroke: a 20-year milestone
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By: Ricardo Soares-dos-Reis, Marta Carvalho, and Elsa Azevedo
Stroke is the leading cause of death in Portugal, greatly surpassing ischaemic heart disease. Largely ignored in the past, stroke has been the subject of intense research in the last decades, which led to the development of integrated care pathways with great impact on patients’ mortality and morbidity.
Raising awareness for acute and chronic management of stroke has been one of the focuses of the Cerebrovascular Diseases Study Group of the Faculty of Medicine of Porto and Hospital de São João. This group has regularly organised courses to discuss recent developments in stroke management and, in 2016, celebrates its 20th anniversary with the publication of this supplement. It also joyfully celebrates the first year the meeting bears the name of the recently created Porto University Centre of Medicine. This joint venture of the Faculty of Medicine of Porto and Hospital de São João will certainly help further our goals of fostering research, education and improved care in the area of stroke.
Mainly intended for General Practitioners, Internists, Neurologists and Physiatrists, the course also welcomes all healthcare professionals whose scope of care inevitably includes stroke patients. With a remarkably practical approach, it covers most aspects of the preventive and therapeutic management of cerebrovascular disorders.
In this supplement, you will find the abstracts from the lectures and also from the oral presentations of young physicians who elected to discuss their work during the course, and whose interest in the area of stroke we applaud.
Special Issue on Stroke. From the Porto University Center of Medicine Stroke Update Course, Porto, Portugal. 7–8 June 2016.
International Journal of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health 2016; 3(Suppl. 2):S1
CONy 2016: Controversies in Neurology were ignited in Lisbon and acknowledged in the International Journal of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health
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By: Elsa Azevedo and Amos D. Korczyn
Controversy was ignited in Lisbon during March 2016 by one of the most important meetings in clinical neurology worldwide. The 10th Meeting of Controversies in Neurology (CONy) took shape along four days of intense debate and rich scientific overview.
Leading experts from all subspecialties of clinical neurology and neuroscience coming from all corners of the world got together to challenge paradigms, update knowledges and identify the boundaries of current clinical reasoning.
The program was organized across seven main areas of debate (Multiple Sclerosis, Stroke, Dementia, Headache, Movement disorders, Epilepsy and Neuromuscular), predated by discussions on the locally identified Machado-Joseph’s Disease and Portuguese amyloid neuropathy, followed by insights on the Neurology beyond the horizon.
The present special issue of the International Journal of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health devoted to the 10th Meeting on Controversies in Neurology includes the abstracts of all the invited lectures and free communications of this meeting, as well as full articles proceeding from CONy 2016, as reviews, original research, viewpoints or case reports. It is a tribute to this event, allowing it to remain immortalized in an international academic journal.
We look forward for more debates and enlightening discussions in CONy 11th, which will take place shortly (March 23-26, 2017) in Athens, Greece (www.comtecmed.com/cony).
Special Issue on Controversies in Neurology. From the 10th World Congress on Controversies in Neurology (CONy), Lisbon, Portugal. 17–20 March 2016.
International Journal of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health 2016; 3(Suppl. 1):S01
Stroke Care 2.0: updating and moving beyond hyperacute stroke care
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By: Ana Aires, Ricardo Soares-dos-Reis, Marta Carvalho, and Elsa Azevedo
In an era of constant significant changes in stroke therapy, where medical treatments continue to be optimized and multiple large randomised controlled clinical trials support mechanical thrombectomy, we also must focus on patients best medical and social care once they are discharged from the stroke unit. We believe continuity of care impacts health outcomes in this patient population. Inpatient and outpatient care should be part of the same integrated stroke care pathway, with contributions from Neurologists, Internists, Primary Care Physicians, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Public Health Physicians, Nurses, Physical and Speech Therapists, Neuropsychologists, Social Service professionals, etc. Our goal is to foster this view of integrated stroke care. Thus, in our annual course, we bring together those healthcare professionals so we can align our views and contribute to a consistently high level of quality in stroke care. In this process, rehabilitation assumes a prominent role. We feel it should begin as soon as possible and that treatment plans should be regularly reviewed, lest we lose the health gains brought by the acute therapies.
In this issue, we focus on primary and secondary prevention of stroke, namely new antiplatelet drugs, anticoagulation after stroke and novel data regarding intracranial atherosclerosis. We also highlight the importance of an organized stroke care infrastructure to achieve better results. An update on endovascular treatment will be followed by interesting interventions approaching several themes, such as intracerebral haemorrhage and special populations. The relevance of an early rehabilitation will be put in the spotlight. Its role in spasticity, the importance of music therapy in language disorders and the several tools available during the period of hospitalization, including dysphagia screening and treatment, will deserve special consideration.
Last, but certainly not least, we would like to give a warm welcome to the presence, for the first time, of patient associations in this course. It is definitely a further step in the right direction for truly providing a continuum of care.
From the Porto University Center of Medicine Stroke Update Course, Porto, Portugal. 20–21 June 2017.
International Journal of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health 2017; 4(Suppl. 2):S1
Neurobiology of mental illness: from reductionism to integration
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By: António Ferreira de Macedo
From its inception until now, psychiatry has continually searched for knowledge of brain-behavior relationships and the neurobiological underpinnings of psychopathology. The tendency to view mental illnesses as brain diseases is not new and goes back to Hippocrates, being dominant in the nineteenth century. This theoretical tradition was interrupted during the first decades of the twentieth century by a predominant psychological vision, embodied in different theories such as psychoanalysis, and a range of behavioural, humanistic and cognitive perspectives. However, in the last forty years the tendency to view psychiatric patients as individuals who have some kind of brain disorder has grown to the point of being an almost indisputable truth. In the second edition of Biological Psychiatry, Michael Trimble  said that biological psychiatry has a long past—which establishes its respectability—but a short history—which establishes its scientificity. Indeed, this part of the story is relatively short and researchers all over the world continue to struggle for discovering the neuronal and neurochemical bases of psychiatric symptoms. The corollary of this brain-centered vision, which is now firmly rooted in the mind of most psychiatrists, and is at the core of the contemporary neuroscience thinking, is that the mind is simply what the brain does. Consequently, mental pathology is merely the behavioral consequence of identifiable neuromolecular abnormalities. However, we must dispute this kind of simplistic brain-centered reductionisms, emphasizing that this view must be tempered with the notion that mental illness is multidetermined. This awareness should reminds us the great density of causal factors involved in mental illness and prevent us from falling into a simplistic and linear causal thinking. The explanation of this complex causality, including inside and outside-the skin factors is now well addressed within disciplines such as critical neuroscience and social neuroscience.
Special Issue on the Neurobiology of Mental Illness
International Journal of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health 2017; 4(Suppl. 3):S01